海关AEO认证到底是什么?(中英文)

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如今企业对AEO认证的需求不断增加,今天小编就来介绍一些关于AEO的基础知识。
There are more and more enterprises seeing the importance of AEO accreditation, hence, I’d like to introduce some basic knowledge of AEO herein.
AEO认证的产生背景是什么?
What is the arising background of AEO accreditation?
国际贸易流通环节面对着严峻的恐怖主义威胁,为了防止恐怖主义通过供应链对全球贸易安全构成威胁,世界海关组织需要在保证全球贸易通常的前提下加强贸易安全保障。因此世界海关组织在2005年制定了《全球贸易安全与便利标准框架》。该框架有两个支柱,即“关关合作”和“关企合作”。关企合作即为海关与认证经营者之间(AEO)的合作。
In order to protect global supply chain from the terrorist threat, Customs Administrations of the world needed to secure the movement of global trade in a way that does not impede but, on the contrary, facilitates the movement of that trade. Therefore, the World Customs Organization (WCO) adopted SAFE Framework in 2005 where standards to secure and facilitate the ever-growing flow of goods in international commerce are set forth. There are two pillars in SAFE Framework, which are Customs-to-Customs network arrangements and Customs-to-Business partnerships. The latter is actually the partnership between Customs and Authorized Economic Operator (AEO).
那么世界海关组织为什么要加强“关企”合作呢?
So what is the reason for Customs to cooperate with Authorized Economic Operator?
物资的流通遭遇恐怖主义的后果不堪设想,但是如果让海关来检查每一件货物会带来不必要的负担,甚至会导致国际贸易停滞。事实上,如果企业对自己的供应链环节的安全性做出评估并采取方法解决安全隐患,而海关机构就可以依赖这些合作伙伴在源头做出的安全措施保障国际贸易的安全。这样一来,既能保证贸易安全又不会影响到贸易流通的顺畅。
The global trading system is vulnerable to terrorist that would severely damage global economy; however, it is an unacceptable and an unnecessary burden to inspect every shipment. In fact, doing so would bring global trade to a halt. So if enterprise itself can assess the threat to its supply chain and address the security issues, Customs can ensure the security of the global trade. Such programmes push assessments on the trade security back into the supply chain. In this way, both trade security and trade facilitation are guaranteed.
AEO认证真的对企业有实实在在的好处吗?
Can AEO accredited enterprises really benefit from the AEO accreditation?
答案是肯定的。SAFE框架的四个核心元素之一就明确规定了海关要给予AEO企业利益保障。这些利益保障包括大幅降低的海关布控和查验,简化单证审核,优先办理报关手续,中国的高级AEO认证企业还可以享受特派的海关协调员,加贸企业免设台账和免交保证金,在AEO互认国家享受较低查验率和贸易中断后优先办理报关手续等优惠便利,而这些措施都会转化成时间和成本的节约。并且SAFE框架明确强调了AEO认证标准要统一化,不能给企业带来不必要的负担。
The answer is YES. One of the four core elements of SAFE Framework is that the Framework will ensure that AEOs see a benefit to their investment in good security systems and practices, including reduced risk-targeting assessments and inspections, simplified examination of documentation, priority in processing import and export clearance formalities. In addition, Senior AEO enterprise of China can also enjoy the preferential treatment such as designated Customs coordinator, exemption from account set-up and deposit for processing trade, respectively low inspection rate and Customs clearance priority in the trade resumption from the trade disruptions in AEO mutual recognized countries, which will greatly save the time and the cost. Moreover, SAFE Framework clearly stipulates that Customs administration should not burden enterprises with different set of requirements for AEO accreditation.

2018/10/05|分类:国际贸易知识|